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1
Английский язык / Re: News
« : 10 Июль 2020, 13:30:02 »
Jerome David Salinger

(1919 - 2010)


     J.D. Salinger,  was a famous American writer. His novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951) was very popular both among young people and among the adult population of the 20th century.  His published works also include short stories that were printed in magazines, including the The Saturday Evening Post, Esquire, and The New Yorker.

The story tells of a 16-year-old boy named Holden who has been expelled from school. He talks about his perception of American reality and his rejection of general rules and norms of behaviour in modern society.  Confused and disillusioned, Holden searches for truth and opposes  the 'falseness' of the adult world. He ends up exhausted and emotionally unstable. The novel also deals with complex issues of innocence, identity, belonging, loss, and depression.

The novel was included on Time Magazine's 2005 list of the 100 best English-language novels written since 1923, and it had a significant impact on world culture in the second half of the 20th century.


Jerome David Salinger

(1919 - 2010)


     J.D. Salinger,  was a famous American writer. His novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951) was very popular both among young and grown-up people of the 20th century.  His published works were printed in magazines and newspapers.

The story tells of a 16-year-old boy  Holden who didn't study well and had to leave school because of bad marks. He understands the American reality in the other way and disagrees with people and rules of the modern world.  Holden wants to find truth but doesn't have much success in that. This story also touches other important problems of teenagers.

The novel was included into the list of the 100 best English-language novels written since 1923 and was very important in the world culture of the 20th century.



2
Английский язык / Re: News
« : 08 Июль 2020, 17:47:51 »
The Magnificent Seven
The Magnificent Seven is a 1960 American Western film directed by John Sturges and starring Yul Brynner, Eli Wallach, Steve McQueen and others.The film is an Old West–style remake of Akira Kurosawa's 1954 Japanese film Seven Samurai.

Peasants of a small village have been suffering from frequent attacks of local bandits for years. Their leader, Calvera, keeps the whole district at bay, tormenting its inhabitants with constant requisitions and punishments. One day, the peasants decide to hire defenders for themselves - seven armed horsemen led by their skin-headed leader Chris.The magnificent seven quickly put things in order, Calvera, however,  manages to escape. So, the capture of the villain and his henchmen becomes a matter of honor for the magnificent seven.

 In 2013, the film was selected for the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

Jerome David Salinger

(1919 - 2010)


     J.D. Salinger,  was an American writer whose novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951) won critical acclaim and devoted admirers, especially among the post-World War II generation of college students. His published works also include short stories that were printed in magazines, including the The Saturday Evening Post, Esquire, and The New Yorker.

The Catcher in the Rye details two days in the life of 16-year-old Holden Caulfield after he has been expelled from school. Confused and disillusioned, Holden searches for truth and rails against the 'falseness' of the adult world. He ends up exhausted and emotionally unstable. The novel also deals with complex issues of innocence, identity, belonging, loss, and depression.

The novel was included on Time Magazine's 2005 list of the 100 best English-language novels written since 1923, and it was named by Modern Library and its readers as one of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century.

3
Английский язык / Re: News
« : 06 Июль 2020, 18:09:37 »
West Side Story

West Side Story is a 1961 musical based on the 1957 book by Arthur Laurents.
 The plot is based on the immortal story of Romeo and Juliet, unfolded in a new way. On the streets of Manhattan, there is a merciless war for living space between two street gangs, the Jets and the Sharks. Tony is a member of the Jet gang and the best friend of its leader Riff. Dark-skinned Maria is the sister of the leader of the Puerto Ricans of the Sharks. Tony and Maria fall in love with each other despite the hatred of friends and relatives, and the film tells about their beautiful but tragic love …
     The dark theme, sophisticated music, dance scenes, and focus on social problems of the film marked a turning point in American musical theatre.
     
The Godfather 
                                           

    The Godfather is a 1972 American crime film directed by Francis Ford Coppola, based on Mario Puzo's best-selling 1969 novel of the same name.

    The crime saga which tells about the New York Sicilian mafia family Corleone covers the period of 1945-1955. The head of the family, Don Vito Corleone wants to find a husband for his daughter. At this time, his beloved son Michael returns from the Second World War. Michael, the hero of war, the pride of the family, does not express a desire to engage in a cruel family business. Don Corleone conducts business according to the old rules, but other times come, and other people appear who want to change the established order and assassinate the old mafia leader..

    Since its release, The Godfather has been widely regarded as one of the greatest and most influential films ever made, especially in the gangster genre. It was followed by sequels The Godfather Part II (1974) and The Godfather Part III (1990).

Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (1899 - 1980)

Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (1899 - 1980)
Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was an English film director and producer. He is one of the most influential and extensively studied filmmakers in the history of cinema. Hitchcock is known as the "Master of Suspense".  50 feature films were created throughout his career and he became as well known as any of his actors thanks to his many interviews and his cameo roles in most of his films. His films garnered 46 Oscar nominations and 6 wins of this award.
The "Hitchcockian" style includes the use of camera movement to mimic a person's gaze, thereby turning viewers into voyeurs, and framing shots to maximise anxiety and fear.

The Birds

The Birds is a 1963 American horror-thriller film produced and directed by Alfred Hitchcock. The movie is based on the 1952 story of the same name by Daphne du Maurier. The film depicts the terrifying picture of bird attacks on an American village which is intertwined with the story of a young woman's love relationship with a man she likes.
In 2016, The Birds was called "culturally, historically and aesthetically significant" by the United States Library of Congress, and selected to be preserved in its National Film Registry.


Psycho

Psycho is a 1960 American psychological horror film directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock, and written by Joseph Stefano.
The film tells a story of  a secretary Marion Crane who is unhappy with the affair with a divorced man who pays attention to her only on short visits. Therefore, the girl steals a large sum at work and in a hurry escapes from the city. In the motel where Marion stops for the night, she meets its owner, a very strange young man...
Psycho was filmed on a low budget, in black-and-white, and by a television crew. Nevertheless, Psycho was nominated for four Academy Awards and is now considered one the greatest films of all time as well as the earliest example of the slasher film genre.

All about Eve 

All About Eve is a 1950 American drama film written and directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz. It was based on the 1946 short story The Wisdom of Eve by Mary Orr.
The aging Broadway star Margot Channing used to have everything: success, friends, a young lover. The modest and hardworking Eve becomes her assistant, fulfilling all the wishes of the hostess. The cynical theater critic Addison De Witt is the only one to quickly understand that Eve is driven by the desire to become the “new Margot Channing,” Saturated with life and despising the decency surrounding him, he decides to help the young careerist. She becomes his grateful and industrious student who goes to the heights of fame betraying the people around her.
Praised by critics at the time of its release, All About Eve received a record 14 Academy Award nominations and won six, including Best Picture. All About Eve is the only film in Oscar history to receive four female acting nominations. The film is widely considered to be one of the greatest films of all time.



An American in Paris

An American in Paris is a 1951 American musical comedy film inspired by the 1928 orchestral composition An American in Paris by George Gershwin.
Former soldier Jerry is trying to become an artist in post-war Paris. And has some success, having found a wealthy patroness who buys his paintings and recommends them to her friends.One day he enters a nightclub and meets Lisa and young people instantly fall in love. But later she unexpectedly reports that she is engaged to his friend. Both Jerry and Lisa act in a noble way, deciding not to meet again.
An American in Paris had an enormous success, garnering eight Academy Award nominations and winning six. It is considered one of the  greatest movie musicals.

4
Английский язык / Re: News
« : 05 Июль 2020, 13:44:43 »
https://yadi.sk/i/U6CHLcNoGcyasA

With adapted texts (literature)

5
Английский язык / Re: News
« : 22 Июнь 2020, 12:27:28 »
   
The Wizard of Oz (1939 film)

     Dorothy Gale lives with her dog Toto on a Kansas farm of her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry. One day, a huge tornado forms, and Aunt Em, Uncle Henry, and the farmhands take shelter in the storm cellar as Dorothy arrives home. However, Dorothy doesn't manage to get there in time and tries to hide in the bedroom of her house. The house is sent into the air by the storm and  lands in Munchkinland in the Land of Oz. Glinda the Good Witch of the North and the Munchkins are very happy because the house killed the Wicked Witch of the East. Her sister, the Wicked Witch of the West, arrives to take her ruby shoes, but Glinda gives them to Dorothy. The Wicked Witch of the West is mad with anger, promises to gain revenge on Dorothy and disappears. Glinda tells Dorothy to keep the slippers and follow the yellow brick road to the Emerald City, where she can ask the Wizard of Oz to help her return home. On her journey, Dorothy meets the Scarecrow, who wants a brain, the Tin Woodman, who looks for a heart, and the Cowardly Lion, who needs courage. Dorothy invites them to join her on her way to Emerald City, where they can also ask the Wizard for help.

6
Английский язык / Re: News
« : 22 Июнь 2020, 11:58:41 »
Casablanca (Film)

    In December 1941, a cynical American expatriate Rick Blaine owns a nightclub and gambling  in Casablanca, the huge port in Marocco. "Rick's Cafe" attracts customers of all sorts. One day, a criminal tells Rick about the "letters of transit" which he got after killing two German couriers. The papers allow the owner to travel freely around German-occupied Europe and to neutral Portugal and they are priceless to the refugees in Casablanca. The criminal gets arrested by the police and dies several days later in the custody.

Then the reason for Rick's cynical nature— his beloved Ilsa Lund—enters his nightclub. She is accompanied by her husband, Victor Laszlo, a well-known Czech Resistance leader. They need the letters to escape to America to continue his work. However, German Major Strasser has come to Casablanca to see that they don't succeed.


 Laszlo wants Rick to sell him the letters but he refuses to sell them at any price, telling Laszlo to ask his wife the reason. Meanwhile, a huge group of German soldiers enter the club headed by Strasser. He orders to close the club on the pretext that there is gambling on the premises.

Ilsa meets Rick in the deserted cafe. He refuses to give her the letters, she threatens him with a gun, confessing that she still loves him. She says she thought her husband Lazslo died when trying to escape from a concentration camp but he managed to survive. Rick's bitterness dissolves and he agrees to help Ilsa and Lazslo. Major Strasser learns about their plan but Rick shoots him when he tries to stop them. In the last moment, Rick makes Ilsa board the plane to Lisbon with Laszlo, telling her that she would regret it if she stayed—"Maybe not today, maybe not tomorrow but soon and for the rest of your life".

7
Это было сложно.. "Бабушкин урок"

8
Английский язык / Re: News
« : 17 Июнь 2020, 14:56:23 »
           
The Forsyte Saga (adapted)

    The Forsyte Saga tells a story about a rich English family. Soames Forsyte, a very rich man, is married to the beautiful but poor girl Irene, who doesn't love him. Soames wants to live with her in his country house, away from other people, but Irene falls in love with the architect Philipp who helped their family to build a house.

 Soames doesn't like that and wants to ruin the love of Irene and Philipp. But, on the next day, Philipp dies in a car accident. Irene is very sad but she meets Old Jolyon Forsyte , the owner of the house, and they become good friends. At the end of the story Old Jolyon dies and leaves Irene a lot of money and asks her to take care of his son Young Jolyon Forsyte. Irene is very rich now.

John Galsworthy (1867 - 1933) Biography (adapted)

      John Galsworthy was a famous English writer. He was born in 1867 in a rich  family. Galsworthy's father died when his son was young, and Galsworthy got a lot of money.

   Galsworthy wrote many novels and short stories about the people's life of that time.
One of his most popular works is ‘The Forsyte Saga’. The book tells about the life of a rich English family, like his own.  Galsworthy got a Nobel Prize for his work.

 John Galsworthy was married to Ada Cooper. They had no children and lived together all their life. In 1967 the film ‘The Forsyte Saga’ based on his story was made and it became very famous and successful.

9
Английский язык / Re: News
« : 15 Июнь 2020, 14:01:58 »
E. Hemingway (1899 – 1961) Biography (Adapted)

 Ernest Hemingway was an American novelist, short-story writer, journalist and sportsman.  He was born in Chicago, the USA. His father was a doctor and his mother was a musician. Hemingway started writing when he was young. In 1917, he worked for the newspaper and it helped him in his work later.

 Ernest Hemingway took part in the First World War and was in love with a nurse. After the First World War he lived in Paris, but liked to travel and spent his time skiing,bullfighting, fishing, and hunting and used his life experience in his books. Hemingway's writing style was unique and many of his works are classics of American literature.

A Farewell to Arms (Adapted)

    A young soldier Frederic is wounded in a battle and sent to a hospital in Milan. He meets an English nurse, Catherine and they fall in love with each other. Frederic must return to the war but he wants to see Catherine again.

 When Frederic returns to the front he has a conflict with a soldier and shoots at him from a gun. After that he must leave the army and hide from the police. He finds Catherine in a small Italian town and they run away to Switzerland by boat. In Switzerland Frederic and Catherine start living in a beautiful house and  enjoy a happy life.

10
Английский язык / Re: News
« : 11 Июнь 2020, 14:44:33 »
The Forsyte Saga

     The Forsyte Saga is a series of three novels (“The Man of Property”, “In Chancery”, and “To Let”) and two interludes published between 1906 and 1921. It tells a story of a of a large, upper-middle-class English family, their morals and values.

     Soames Forsyte, who is quite rich and works as a lawyer,  marries the beautiful but poor Irene, who doesn't share his values and is even afraid of him. Soames  is jealous of her relationships with other people and wants her to belong only to him. He creates a plan to move her to the country, away from other people, but she resists this idea and falls in love with architect Philip Bosinney, who had been hired by Soames to build a country house for their family.

 As soon as Soames realizes that he has a rival, he invents a scandal with Irene and even tries to ruin Philipp, who accidentally dies under the wheels of an omnibus soon afterwards. Having lost her beloved, Irene makes friends with Old Jolyon Forsyte, who owns the house Soames had built. This intimate friendship is pleasing for both of them. Old Jolyon leaves Irene 15000 pounds in his will and asks her to take care of Young Jolyon, his son. In the end, Old Jolyon dies under an oak tree in the garden of his house.

End of Part 1. to be continued ..

11
Английский язык / Re: News
« : 08 Июнь 2020, 16:46:51 »
John Galsworthy (1867 - 1933) (Biography)

      John Galsworthy was an English novelist and playwright. He was born on August 14, 1867 in a rich upper middle class family. But when his father died, Galsworthy inherited his father’s estate and became financially independent. He  gave up his legal career of a lawyer and decided to devote all his time to writing.

     Over the course of his life, Galsworthy wrote a number of novels, short stories and plays.His works were mainly focused on the social class system of that time. At the same time, he also supported different causes such as women’s right and animal protection through his writings.  He was offered many titles but writing had always been the greatest reward to him. However, he later accepted the Order of Merit and also the Nobel Prize.

John Galsworthy is best remembered for his trilogy ‘The Forsyte Saga’. It is actually a series of three novels  written between 1906 and 1921. These books depict the life of three generations in an upper middle class  family, like his own.

 John Galsworthy married Ada Nemesis Pearson Cooper. They did not have any children and lived together till his death in 1933. After that the popularity of his works began to fall. Interest in his literary talent renewed once more when in 1967, the television adaption of his ‘The Forsyte Saga’ by BBC became highly successful.

12
Английский язык / Re: Знаете ли вы...
« : 05 Июнь 2020, 12:20:28 »
      The words and word combinations which are used when speaking about the Coronavirus:
fever, sneezing, temperature, to feel fatigue, it's hard to breathe, epidemic, pandemic, to take different measures to deal with the situation.

 I hope we are not going to use these collocations in the near future when talking about our health. Useful expressions nonetheless.

13
Like Father, like son

Яблочко от яблоньки недалеко падает.

14
One drop of poison infects the whole tun of wine

15
Goose Egg
zero
nothing

He answered every question wrong in the quiz and got a goose egg.

The crowd were devastated that the game was a goose egg after 90 minutes.

Last month's revenue for the company was a big goose egg.


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