Автор Тема: Russian Space Program  (Прочитано 1967 раз)

0 Пользователей и 1 Гость просматривают эту тему.

Оффлайн Ann

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 1015
  • Патриций
    • Просмотр профиля
Re: Russian Space Program
« Ответ #9 : 21 Апрель 2020, 23:27:54 »

Валентина Терешкова. Звёздный городок, отряд космонавтов, 1965 год.

Оффлайн DAS

  • Ist Fantastisch
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 3834
  • Патриций
    • Просмотр профиля
Re: Russian Space Program
« Ответ #8 : 13 Апрель 2020, 16:44:07 »
Great photo and great people in it!

Оффлайн Ann

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 1015
  • Патриций
    • Просмотр профиля
Re: Russian Space Program
« Ответ #7 : 11 Апрель 2020, 13:22:27 »
The first 20 Soviet Cosmonauts. Yuri Gagarin is sitting to the left of Sergei Korolev the Chief Designer of the Soviet space programme. Credit: RIA Novosti

Оффлайн Gorohov

  • Старожил
  • ****
  • Сообщений: 25
    • Просмотр профиля
Re: Russian Space Program
« Ответ #6 : 12 Апрель 2016, 11:47:35 »
Cosmonautics Day is an anniversary celebrated in Russian and some other countries, that was part of USSR back in the day on 12 April In 2011, April 12 was declared as the International day of human space flight in dedication of the first manned space flight made on April 12, 1961 by the 27-year-old Russian Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. He circled the Earth in 1 hour and 48 minutes aboard the Vostok 1 spacecraft. The commemorative day was established in the Soviet Union one year later, on April 9, 1962. In modern Russia, it is celebrated in accordance with Article 1.1 of the Law "On the Days of Military Glory and the Commemorative Dates in Russia". Gagarin's flight was a triumph for the Soviet Space program, and opened a new era in the history of space exploration. Gagarin became a national hero of the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc and a famous figure around the world. Major newspapers around the globe published his biography and details of his flight. Moscow and other cities in the USSR held mass demonstrations, the scale of which was second only to WWII Victory Parades. Gagarin was escorted in a long motorcade of high-ranking officials through the streets of Moscow to the Kremlin where, in lavish ceremony, he was awarded the Highest Soviet honor, the title of hero of the Soviet Union, by the Soviet Leader Nikita Khruschev.
Nowadays the commemoration ceremony on Cosmonautics Day starts in the city of Korolyov, near Gagarin's statue. Participants then proceed under police escort to Red Square for a visit to Gagarin's grave in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis and continue to cosmonauts alley near the Monument to the conquerors of space. Finally the festivities are concluded with a visit to the Novodevichy Cemetery 

Оффлайн Червячек

  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 32
  • Гомункул
    • Просмотр профиля
Re: Russian Space Program
« Ответ #5 : 12 Апрель 2016, 11:47:01 »
                      Cosmonautics Day is an anniversary celebrated in Russia and some other former USSR countries on April 12.  April 12 was declared as the International Day of human space flight in dedication of the first manned space flight made on April 12, 1961 by the 27-year-old Russian Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin circled the Earth for 1 hour and 48 minutes aboard the Vostok 1 spacecraft.
                      Gagarin's flight was a triumph for the Soviet space program, and opened a new era in the history of space exploration. Gagarin became a national hero of the Soviet Union and a famous figure around the world. Major newspapers around the globe published his biography and details of his flight. Moscow and other cities in the USSR held mass demonstrations. Gagarin was escorted in a long motorcade of high-ranking officials through the streets of Moscow to the Kremlin where, in a lavish ceremony, he was awarded the highest Soviet honour.
                       Nowadays the commemoration ceremony on Cosmonautics Day starts in the city of Korolyov, near Gagarin's statue. Participants then proceed under police escort to Red Square for a visit to Gagarin's grave in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis, and continue to Cosmonauts Alley, near the Monument to the Conquerors of Space. Finally, the festivities are concluded with a visit to the Novodevichy Cemetery.

Оффлайн ArtemRezanov

  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 47
  • Артём
    • Просмотр профиля
Re: Russian Space Program
« Ответ #4 : 12 Апрель 2016, 11:39:12 »
Russian Space Program
Cosmonautics Day is an anniversary celebrated in Russia and some other former USSR countries on April 12. In 2011, April 12 was declared as the International Day of Human Space Flight in dedication of the first manned space flight made on April 12, 1961 by the 27-year-old Russian Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. Gagarin circled the Earth for 1 hour and 48 minutes aboard the Vostok 1 spacecraft.
  Gagarin's flight was a triumph for the Soviet space program, and opened a new era in the history of space exploration. Gagarin became a national hero of the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc and a famous figure around the world. Major newspapers around the globe published his biography and details of his flight. Gagarin was escorted in a long motorcade of high-ranking officials through the streets of Moscow to the Kremlin where, in a lavish ceremony, he was awarded the highest Soviet honor, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, by the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.
  Nowadays the commemoration ceremony on Cosmonautics Day starts in the city of Korolyov, near Gagarin's statue. Participants then proceed under police escort to Red Square for a visit to Gagarin's grave in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis, and continue to Cosmonauts Alley, near the Monument to the Conquerors of Space. Finally, the festivities are concluded with a visit to the Novodevichy Cemetery.
  On April 7, 2011 United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring April 12 as the International Day of Human Space Flight.
 In the 1960s the song 14 minut do starta ("14 minutes until the launch") written by Oscar Feltsman and Vladimir Voynovich was considered the unofficial "anthem of cosmonautics" and regularly aired on this day in the USSR. In the 1980s it was eclipsed by the hit Trava u doma ("Grass at home") performed by the Russian VIA band Zemlyane ("The Earthlings"). The latter song was awarded the official status of the anthem of Russian Cosmonautics in 2010. Russian cosmonauts have traditionally taken this song with them getting assigned for orbital deployments.

Оффлайн Мякиш

  • Пью только по выходным, тусуюсь на вокзалах.
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 43
  • Умеющий играть на нервах
    • Просмотр профиля
Re: Russian Space Program
« Ответ #3 : 12 Апрель 2016, 11:34:11 »
Hello I want to give some information about Yuri Gagarin. He was the first human who went to space.

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (Russian: Ю́рий Алексе́евич Гага́рин.  9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968) was a Russian Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok - spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961.
Gagarin became an international celebrity, and was awarded many medals and titles, including Hero of the Soviet Union, the nation's highest honour. Vostok 1 marked his only spaceflight, but he served as backup crew to the Soyuz 1 mission (which ended in a fatal crash). Gagarin later became deputy training director of the Cosmonaut Training Centre outside Moscow, which was later named after him. Gagarin died in 1968 when the MiG-15 training jet he was piloting crashed. The Yuri Gagarin Medal is awarded in his honor.

Now I want to tell you about the man who built the spaceship Vostok for Yuri Gagarin, Sergey Korolev.

Sergei Pavlovich Korolev (Russian: Серге́й Па́влович Королёв) 12 January 30 December 1906] 1907 – 14 January 1966) worked as the lead Soviet rocket engineer and spacecraft designer during the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1950s and 1960s. He is considered by many as the father of practical astronautics.
Although Korolev trained as an aircraft designer, his greatest strengths proved to be in design integration, organization and strategic planning. Arrested for alleged mismanagement of funds (he spent the money on unsuccessful experiments with rocket devices), he was imprisoned in 1938 for almost six years, including some months in a Kolyma labour camp. Following his release he became a recognized rocket designer and a key figure in the development of the Soviet Intercontinental ballistic missile program. He was then appointed to lead the Soviet space program and made a Member of Soviet Academy of Sciences, overseeing the early successes of the Sputnik and Vostok projects that included launching Yuri Alexeevich Gagarin, the first human in space, into orbit on 12 April 1961. By the time he died unexpectedly in 1966, Korolev's plans to compete with the United States to become the first nation to land a man on the Moon had begun to be implemented.
Before his death he was often referred to only as "The Chief Designer", because the Soviet leadership feared that the United States would send agents to assassinate him. Only many years later did he receive public recognition as the driving force behind Soviet successes in space.

Now you know more infomation about space geniuses.

Оффлайн Анастасия_6996

  • Пользователь
  • **
  • Сообщений: 15
  • Патриций
    • Просмотр профиля
Re: Russian Space Program
« Ответ #2 : 12 Апрель 2016, 11:24:30 »
The Soviet space program comprised the rocketry and space exploration programs conducted by the former Soviet Union (USSR) from the 1930s until its dissolution in 1991. Over its sixty-year history, this primarily classified military program was responsible for a number of pioneering accomplishments in space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik-1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexey Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the last interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

The rocket and space program of the USSR, initially boosted by the assistance of captured scientists from the advanced German rocket program,[2][3] was performed mainly by Soviet engineers and scientists after 1955, and was based on some unique Soviet and Imperial Russian theoretical developments, many derived by Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovskii, sometimes known as the father of theoretical astronautics.[4][5] Sergey Korolev (also transliterated as Korolyov) was the head of the principal design group; his official title was "chief designer" (a standard title for similar positions in the USSR). Unlike its American competitor in the "Space Race", which had NASA as a single coordinating agency, the USSR's program was split among several competing design groups led by Korolev, Mikhail Yangel, Valentin Glushko, and Vladimir Chelomei.

Because of the program's classified status, and for propaganda value, announcements of the outcomes of missions were delayed until success was certain, and failures were sometimes kept secret. Ultimately, as a result of Mikhail Gorbachev's policy of glasnost in the 1980s, many facts about the space program were declassified. Notable setbacks included the deaths of Korolev, Vladimir Komarov (in the Soyuz 1 crash), and Yuri Gagarin (on a routine fighter jet mission) between 1966 and 1968, and development failure of the huge N-1 rocket intended to power a manned lunar landing, which exploded shortly after lift-off on four unmanned tests.

With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia and Ukraine inherited the program. Russia created the Russian Aviation and Space Agency, now known as the Roscosmos State Corporation,[6] while Ukraine created the National Space Agency of Ukraine (NSAU).

Оффлайн Nicksuperrocker

  • Rock'n'Roll Forever
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 37
  • Патриций
    • Просмотр профиля
Russian Space Program
« Ответ #1 : 12 Апрель 2016, 11:21:59 »
Happy Astroday, NEWBS

 
.